Human trafficking is one of the most tragic features of present-day global migration, with an estimated 2 million people being trafficked annually. The lack of consensus regarding the number of trafficked victims is largely attributed to the inability to isolate the jurisprudential and practical distinctions between who is, in fact, a victim of human trafficking or a smuggled migrant. Indeed, human trafficking legislation, to some degree, reflects this position.
In late July the United States State Department released its annual Trafficking in Persons TIP reportan influential diplomatic tool that threatens sanctions against countries that fail to crack down on the human trafficking trade. But this may not be entirely true. In many ways the TIP report is a microcosm for the myriad problems in the U.
Since taking office inthe Trump administration has claimed that its human rights agenda centers on human trafficking. It provides a detailed narrative and assigns a tier ranking to governments. Tier 1 is the highest and Tier 3 the lowest, possibly incurring sanctions.
Home Commentaries East Asia Beat. For strategic or other reasons, the United States may have been giving special treatment to major powers China, Russia, and India when evaluating their human trafficking record in a bid to avoid imposing sanctions on them, according to some American lawmakers and former government officials. In a clash between priorities of national security and foreign policy on the one hand and human rights on the other, U. As Washington assesses steps taken by governments across the world in combating human trafficking, allies Iraq and Thailand too have seen their potential ranking downgrades delayed while Vietnam has won a premature ranking boost allegedly due to strategic considerations, the legislators and ex-state officials charged at a U.
Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery. In the International Labour Organizationreported Most victims find themselves in coercive or abusive situations from which escape is both difficult and dangerous.
Globalization - Approaches to Diversity. Human trafficking has been discussed as a downside of globalization, and is now identified as one of the fastest-growing areas of international organized criminal activity. In particular, the United States has prioritized the issue sincewhich was when the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of hereinafter, the TVPA  - was passed, and has encouraged other countries to take adequate action to eradicate it.
Executive summary. Introduction Is it trafficking or smuggling? How big is the problem? Sex trafficking into Australia.
Tweet Email. Trafficking is fueled by demands for cheap, exploitable labor which have increased with globalization — which permits the free flow of capital but not labor. Some countries view trafficking as the only form of migration available to labor because all other sources are restricted or closed.
The United Nations estimates that over 20 million people are missing due to human trafficking. The U. Department of Justice estimates that between 14, and 17, people are trafficked every year into the United States. Human traffickers use force, fraud or coercion to lure vulnerable people into slavery.