Before the pink triangle became a worldwide symbol of gay power and pride, it was intended as a badge of shame. In Nazi Germany, a downward-pointing pink triangle was sewn onto the shirts of gay men in concentration camps—to identify and further dehumanize them. Homosexuality was technically made illegal in Germany inbut it was rarely enforced until the Nazi Party took power in
It is located on a triangular platform in an area known as Stonewall Gardens, facing Darlinghurst Rd. This artwork was built to commemorate all homosexual men and women who have been murdered, tortured and persecuted because of their sexuality. It celebrates the memory of those who were victims of oppression during the Nazi Holocaust and in the Soviet labour camps, and is also dedicated to present-day gay and lesbian victims of violence in Australia and throughout the world.
Lesbian and gay life in Germany began to thrive at the beginning of the 20th century. By the s, Paragraph of the German Penal Code, which criminalised homosexual acts, was being applied less frequently. In the process towards complete decriminalisation had been initiated within the German legislature.
They are stories of survival, resistance, rescue, and heartbreaking loss. Some of the witnesses were targeted by the Nazis for being gay under the German penal code, Paragraph Other witnesses recall their encounters with gay men and women who provided rescue and aid at great risk to their own lives.
The treatment of homosexual inmates in Nazi concentration camps is a subject which was largely ignored by historians in both West and East Germany after the war. Not until the s, when research began to focus on some of the lesser-known victims of Nazi terror, did attention shift to the fate of homosexuals. This process can be seen clearly at the Buchenwald Memorial in the former GDR, the site of the persecution and also the death of considerable numbers of prisoners identified by the pink triangle on their clothing.
Snopes needs your help! Learn more. Gay men incarcerated in Nazi concentration camps during World War II were forced back into prison even after the Allied forces won that conflict.
It is used here with permission. Brownshirted storm troopers raided the institutions and gathering places of homosexuals. Greatly weakened and driven underground, this subculture had flourished in the relative freedom of the s, in the pubs and cafes of Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Bremen, and other cities.
The text of Paragraphwith amendments as issued on January 28, You have just read the text of the Paragraphthe sodomy provision of the German penal code that condemned homosexual practices between men during the Nazi Government in Germany and some occupied countries. The purpose of this guide is present resources not only about the Gay Holocaust itself, but also about the situation of Germany and the homosexuals before the Nazis. Because of this, we have divided the guide in 9 sections:.
By Frank Hornig. His body emaciated and his toothless mouth hanging open, Rudolf Brazda is skin and bones. Then comes his scream -- a loud lament that becomes a moan and then tapers off.
A Berlin memorial to gay victims of the Holocaust was vandalized over the weekend, police report. A giant concrete cube, it features a cutout through which visitors can peer and see a video of a same-sex couple kissing inside. But guards say sometime Sunday night the window had been painted over. There are currently no suspects, though its not clear if the memorial was monitored by surveillance cameras.